Social media has become deeply ingrained in youth culture. While it has many benefits like connecting people and sharing information, it also has significant downsides, especially for young people who are still developing their identities and values. Overuse of social media can have detrimental effects on attention spans, real-world relationships, body image, and mental health.

However, with some education and reasonable boundaries, we can help young people develop a healthier relationship with social media.

How Social Media Impacts Mental Health

Studies show a correlation between time spent on social media and increased rates of anxiety, depression, and loneliness among teens and young adults. Social media gives a distorted view of other people’s lives, making young people feel like they fall short in comparison.

The constant pressure to get likes and followers can lead to lower self-esteem. Cyberbullying is also a major concern, as teens are especially susceptible to online harassment. Platforms such as Instagram and Snapchat often promote unrealistic beauty standards, filtering out imperfections. This can encourage unhealthy obsessions with appearance among young girls in particular. While social media alone does not cause mental health issues, overuse tends to exacerbate existing problems.

Social Media’s Effect on Real-World Relationships

While social media helps people stay connected online, it can detract from meaningful face-to-face interactions. Teens today often spend more time engaging with peers on smartphones and computers than they do socialising in person. Multi-tasking by constantly switching between devices and real-life conversations leads to shallower connections.

An inability to put phones down during meals, classes, and other social gatherings demonstrates how addicting social platforms can become. This harms young people’s ability to be fully present with friends, family, and colleagues. Social skills like reading body language and making eye contact do not transfer online. Excessive use replaces stronger in-person relationships with weaker digital-only substitutes.

How Social Media Impacts Body Image

Young people are especially vulnerable to the images of perfection portrayed across social media. Instagram in particular emphasises appearances, with influencers using filters, editing, and photoshop to show perfect bodies and faces. This sets unrealistic standards that most teens cannot achieve naturally. Influencers on social media are frequently compensated for endorsing dubious diet drinks, cosmetic surgery, and weight reduction goods.

All of this normalises extreme measures young girls especially feel pressured to take to reach impossible beauty standards. Filters and editing tools even allow teens to alter their own images, presenting idealized versions of themselves for likes. This fixation on appearances decreases body satisfaction, increases eating disorders, and encourages plastic surgery among youth.

Steps Parents, Educators, and Mentors Can Take

While social media is here to stay, the adults in young people’s lives can help them develop healthier digital habits. Here are some steps that parents, teachers, coaches, and other mentors can take:

1. Discuss Appropriate Usage

Have open conversations about when and where using phones is appropriate and when they should be put away. Set device curfews, limit social media to certain times of day, and mandate phone-free family activities. Lead by example by limiting your own device use.

2. Teach Critical Thinking

Help young people view social media posts more critically. Remind them that carefully curated images do not show reality. Discuss how influencer marketing works and how pictures are retouched. Encourage evaluating information sources 3. and considering motivations.

3. Address Comparisons

When young people fixate on appearances, remind them that social media shows idealised versions, not reality. Suggest limiting time on apps like Instagram if they feel bad afterward. Emphasise inner positivity, real-world relationships, and hobbies over social media.

4. Increase In-Person Interactions

Make socialising offline a priority. Plan phone-free activities, games, and outings to remind young people of the joys of real interactions. Volunteer projects are a great way to develop relationships while helping the community.

5. Model Self-Regulation

Demonstrate putting your own phone away to be present with others. Consider instituting no-phone times or zones in your household. Explain how you balance real-world priorities with social media instead of fixating online.

6. Encourage Interest-Based Communities

Guide young people towards social media communities centered around hobbies, volunteering, academics, and positive interests. These tend to foster more meaningful connections than scrolling through general feeds. Moderated groups with positive norms often yield better experiences.

6. Provide Mental Health Support

If excessive social media use seems to contribute to mental health declines, don’t hesitate to involve counseling or therapy. Stay alert for signs of bullying, anxiety, depression, disordered eating, and obsessive appearance fixation, which all may be exacerbated by social media. Professional support can help young people develop healthier relationships with technology.


While social media is extremely prevalent, with reasonable limits and thoughtful conversations, we can help young people use it responsibly. The key is balancing screen time with real-world interactions, critical thinking, self-confidence, and inner positivity. With care and support from family and mentors, youth can learn to develop healthy digital habits.